Book Review: Next Generation Biomaterials for Bone and Periodontal Regeneration

By David F. Boden, D.D.S., M.S.

This book is a comprehensive review of current techniques and efforts for the future of regenerative surgical procedures.  It is a series of 23 short review articles by international researchers.  While directed primarily to periodontists and oral surgeons due to the depth of background information needed to fully appreciate the implications of the future techniques presented, it is also fascinating reading for all doctors to see where the profession is heading.

Topics covered include all types of bone grafts; guided tissue and guided bone membranes; bone adhesives; osseo-conductive and osseo-inductive protein matrices; several bone morphogenic proteins; existing and future enamel matrix derivatives; hyaluronic acid; and future gene therapy for growth factors.

The most intriguing chapters review the newer regenerative techniques.  The articles alternate between the hard biochemical science and clinical research and applications.  Each article is highly referenced.  The reader will notice a wide variety of references from many journals most clinicians would miss which makes this publication a very good start for literature reviews and background material for new papers.  There are caveats, however.  While the main author/editor of this book is undoubtedly prolific and at the forefront of research in regenerative techniques, the citations are fairly heavy with his own publications.  Furthermore, disclosures of financial conflicts of interest by the authors/editors, if any, were not presented as they are when new materials are published in peer reviewed journals.  It must be assumed those disclosures were noted in the original source publications that are summarized in this book.

The reviews are exhaustive and very revealing.  Please note that this is not a “how to” surgical manual.  Research about individual regenerative materials, as well as combination of materials, is meticulously presented and analyzed in a very orderly way.  Tables and charts are nicely presented to compare findings.  Quick reference for the reader as to what materials work and do not work can be made at the conclusion of each article, with a final chapter presenting clinical recommendations and guidelines for selecting the best combination of biomaterials for specific cases.

Publications of this type are critical to bring practicing clinicians who may not have access to all publications up to date so application of new proven techniques and materials can be more rapidly incorporated into practice, ultimately to help our patients gain better oral health.

Book Review: The Oral-Systemic Health Connection: A Guide to Patient Care, Second Edition

By Mark Szarejko, DDS, FAGD

This text, which features several authors’ expertise and is authored by Michael Glick, is an expansive view of the oral-systemic connection. The correlations between periodontal disease, cardiovascular disease and Type II diabetes have garnered much attention in the medical and dental professions. While this text reviews these correlations in great detail, many topics are reviewed as they relate to the oral-systemic link. The correlations between renal, pulmonary and malignant disease and oral health are among topics that are discussed and are not topics that received much publicity but are essential to the ongoing discussion of the oral-systemic link.

The holistic approach and continuum between oral and systemic health is also discussed in various topics. The oral manifestations of systemic disease, the correlations between periodontal infections and adverse pregnancy outcomes and the use of salivary biomarkers to detect systemic diseases provide more information about the bidirectional relationship between oral and systemic health and the state of optimal health and well-being.

This text would benefit new and established general dentists, dental specialists and dental hygienists. Patients are well-informed about health issues and dental professionals must be the source of information about the multiple aspects of correlations of the oral-systemic connection. The information contained in this text provides an update and practical information which the clinician can use to answer questions that patients will have about the potential links between oral and systemic health. It also provides a means to establish a foundation that will be necessary to understand the future research which will involve this issue.

This text’s opening and closing chapters provide an excellent glimpse of the diverse topics contained within. Still, they also provide information about issues that are usually not considered in the discussion about the potential links between oral health and systemic health. Chapter One written by Michael Glick, is entitled “Causation: Frameworks, Analyses, and Questions.” This chapter reminds us that it is essential to approach this topic with scientifically valid research that is corroborated among experts before causation can be assigned to a relationship between oral health, especially periodontal disease, and adverse outcomes which involve systemic health. The final chapter, authored by Michael C. Alfano, is entitled “The Economic Impact of Periodontal Inflammation.” This chapter reminds us that the cost of periodontal disease transcends the cost of treating periodontal disease and the cost involved in the prosthetic replacement of teeth lost due to periodontal disease.

The text “The Oral Systemic Health Connection Second Edition. A Guide to Patient Care” is a well-researched text that answers many questions about the potential correlation between oral and systemic health and raises others. This book is not a “fast read” due to the detail in each chapter.

It is an excellent resource for the clinician who has an interest in this discipline and for those who relay relevant and scientifically-based information about this topic to their patients.

Book Review — Lit: The Simple Protocol for Dental Photography in the Age of Social Media

Reviewed by Dr. Kimberly Tran-Nguyen

Dr. Miguel Ortiz is a well-known prosthodontist, lecturer and photographer in the dental world. He created a book to complement the courses he teaches regarding dental photography. In the age of social media, dental photography plays a crucial role if dental practitioners want to expand their practice. What makes this textbook valuable is the knowledge Dr. Ortiz brings with his experience as a previous lab technician, dental clinician and having established a well-known social media presence.

“Lit” is broken down into simplified analogies with visual representations to better explain the concepts in the book. The author organizes the first section of the book into five concepts associated with photography that can be adjusted to produce the photos desired: exposure, aperture, shutter speed, depth of field and white balance.

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Book Review: Protocols for Mobile Dental Photography with Auxiliary Lighting

Reviewed by Dr. John Paul

Generally, I am not a fan of an infomercial and a great deal of this book revolves around how to use a proprietary device, the Smile Light MDP, with your own cell phone to make dental photographs.

That knee-jerk reaction out of the way, it is possible there is no device similar to the Smile Light MDP available and the book does a fair-handed job of comparing dental photography using a conventional digital camera and all of its attendant gear to making those photographs with your cell phone, the MDP device and a few other pieces of kit, the mirrors and retractors needed for either type means of capturing the images.

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